is a monotheistic religion centered on the life and teachings
of Jesus of Nazareth as presented in the New Testament. In theology, monotheism is the belief in the existence of one deity,
or in the oneness of God.
Its followers, known as Christians, believe that Jesus is the Son of God and the Messiah (or Christ) prophesied in
the Old Testament, the part of their scriptures they have in common with Judaism. To Christians, Jesus Christ is a teacher,
the model of a pious life, the revealer of God, and most importantly the saviour of humanity who suffered, died, and was resurrected
in order to bring about salvation from sin.
Christians maintain that
Jesus ascended into heaven, and most denominations teach that Jesus will return to judge the living and the dead, granting
everlasting life to his followers. Christians describe the New Testament account of Jesus' ministry as the Gospel, or "good
news". The history of Christianity concerns the Christian religion and the Christian Church, from Jesus and his twelve
Apostles to contemporary times. Christianity is the trinitarian monotheistic religion which is based on the revelation of
In many Christian denominations "The Church" is understood
theologically as the institution founded by Jesus for the salvation of humankind.
. The Twelve Apostles (Greek:Ἀðüóôïëïò,
apostolos, "someone sent out", e.g. with a message or as a delegate) were, according to the Synoptic Gospels (i.e.,
the Gospels of Matthew, Mark and Luke) and Christian tradition, disciples (followers) whom Jesus of Nazareth had chosen, named,
and trained in order to send them on a specific mission. After the Apostle Judas Iscariot had betrayed Jesus, the remaining
Apostles under the leadership of Simon Peter filled the vacancy by electing by lot Matthias, a companion of theirs ever since
they themselves had followed Jesus, so that by the time of the coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost they actually numbered
The Twelve Apostles The four Gospels give varying names of the twelve. According
to the list occurring in each of the three Synoptic Gospels (Mark 3:13-19, Matthew 10:1-4, Luke 6:12-16), the Twelve chosen
by Jesus near the beginning of his ministry, those whom also He named Apostles, were, according to the Gospels of Mark and
Peter: Renamed by Jesus, his original name was Simon (Mark 3:16); was a fisherman from
the Bethsaida "of Galilee" (John 1:44, cf. John 12:21). Also known as Simon bar Jonah, Simon bar Jochanan (Aram.),
Cephas (Aram.), and Simon Peter.
2. James, son of Zebedee: The brother of John.
3. John: The
brother of James. Jesus named both of them Bo-aner'ges, which means "sons of thunder".(Mark 3:17)
4. Andrew: The brother of
Simon/Peter, a Bethsaida fisherman, and a former
disciple of John the Baptist.
5. Philip: From the Bethsaida of Galilee (John 1:44, John 12:21)
6. Bartholomew, son of Talemai: It has been suggested that he is
the same person as Nathanael, who is mentioned in John 1:45-51.
7. Matthew: The tax collector.
8. Thomas: Also known as Judas Thomas Didymus - Aramaic T'oma' = twin, and Greek Didymous = twin.
9. James, son of Alphaeus:
Generally identified with "James the Less", and also identified by Roman Catholics
with "James the Just".
10. Thaddeus: In some manuscripts of Matthew, the name "Lebbaeus"
occurs in this place. Thaddeus is traditionally identified with Jude; see below.
11. Simon the Zealot: Some have identified him with Simeon of Jerusalem.
12. Judas Iscariot: The disciple who
later betrayed Jesus. (Mark 3:19) The name Iscariot
may refer to the Judaean towns of Kerioth or to the sicarii (Jewish nationalist insurrectionists), or to Issachar. Also referred
to as "Judas, the son of Simon" (John 6:71 and John 13:26). He was replaced as an apostle shortly after Jesus' resurrection by Matthias.
Deaths of the Twelve Apostles.
The Twelve Judas Iscariot, originally one of the Twelve, died after the death of Jesus. Matthew 27:5 says that
he hanged himself, and Acts 1:18 says that he fell, burst open, and his "bowels gushed out." Matthias
was elected to take his place as one of the Twelve.
According to Christian tradition:
crucified upside-down in Rome circa 64 A.D.
• James, son of Zebedee was beheaded
in 44 A.D., first of the twelve to die
• John, son of Zebedee, natural causes due to old
age,last of the twelve to die, only one of the twelve to die naturally
• Andrew, Peter's
brother, was crucified.
• Philip was crucified in 54 A.D.
Bartholomew was crucified.
• Matthew killed by a halberd in 60 A.D.
• Thomas was killed by a spear.
• James, son of Alphaeus, beaten
to death by a club after being crucified and stoned.
• Saint Jude was crucified.
• Simon the Zealot was crucified in 74 A.D.
• Matthias was
stoned and beheaded.
The 10 Commandments
the Lord your God.You shall have no other gods before me
2.You shall not make for yourself an idol
shall not make wrongful use of the name of your God
4.Remember the Sabbath and keep it holy
your father and mother
6.You shall not murder
7.You shall not commit adultery
9.You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor
10.You shall not covet your neighbor's
house or neighbor's wife